Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with several connected sorts of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes.[three] Additional normally, pajamas might make reference to several clothes, for the two daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving variants of style and substance.
The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Enterprise rule in India.[eight]
The around the globe usage of pajamas (the term along with the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and nineteenth centuries, as well as British influence on the broader Western entire world in the course of the Victorian era. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging apparel" as early because the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they shortly fell out of trend. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial 50 % from the nineteenth century. They did not become a trend in Britain and the Western planet as sleeping apparel for guys right until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is used by different individuals in India e.g. by Gals of assorted classes, by Sikh Guys, and most by Mohammedans of the two sexes. It had been adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans being an short article of dishabille and of night time apparel, and is particularly synonymous with Lengthy Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the habit similar to a excellent numerous Many others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is currently Employed in London stores. A buddy furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on forty several years in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is due to White Ants."
Regular pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers combination product of comfortable cloth, for example flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket ingredient typically has a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs. Many people prefer to sleep or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Due to this, pajama pants for guys and boys are frequently offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas will often be named PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas made prior to the fifties, but during the early twenty-1st century They are really instead unusual.
Contemporary pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are numerous versions pidzame in design and style such as quick sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms[fifteen] of various duration,[sixteen] or, on occasion, just one-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating various components. Mainly during the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Generally worn by youngsters, these garments usually have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one particular-piece), and may additionally be footed.
While pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, inside the US, they've at times incorporated the latter like a best. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a kind of short costume top rated in excess of shorts or limited pants.[eighteen]
Pajamas may well currently confer with Girls's mixture daywear, particularly in the US in which they grew to become well-known inside the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these include capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.